The American Academy of Arts and Sciences has announced 261 individuals who have been elected as new members of the Academy for 2022.
Founded in 1780, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences honors individuals for their outstanding achievement and leadership in academia, the arts, industry, public policy and research. In addition to honoring individuals for their outstanding achievements, the Academy also engages in multidisciplinary research by experts in various fields, addressing topics in the fields of arts and humanities, democracy and justice , education, energy and environment, global affairs and science and technology.
Among the more than 13,500 members of the academy elected since 1780 are figures as illustrious as Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, Margaret Mead, Martin Luther King Jr., Joan Baez, Nelson Mandala, Milton Friedman , Stephen Hawking, Condoleezza Rice. , and Mr. Temple Grandin.
“We celebrate a depth of achievement in a wide range of fields,” said David Oxtoby, president of the American Academy. “These people excel in areas that inspire and excite us at a time when recognizing excellence, praising expertise and working for the greater good are absolutely essential to realizing a better future. »
New members were selected from five “classes” or categories:
Mathematical and physical sciences (59 new members), which includes areas such as mathematics and statistics; physics; chemistry; astronomy, astrophysics and earth sciences; engineering and technology; and computing.
Biological Sciences (54 new members), which includes biochemistry, biophysics and molecular biology, cell and developmental biology, evolution and ecology, neuroscience, medical science, microbiology and immunology.
Social and behavioral sciencess (60 new members), including the psychological sciences; economy; political science; straight; anthropology and archaeology; sociology, demography and geography; and education.
Letters and Arts (55 new members), including areas such as Philosophy and Religious Studies, History, Literature and Language Studies, Literature, Visual Arts and Performing Arts.
Leadership, Policy and Communications (33 new members), which includes journalism, media and communications; business, corporate and philanthropic leadership; educational and academic management; public affairs and public policy; and scientific, cultural and non-profit leadership.
Among the most recognizable names in this year’s class are the actress Glenn Closeauthor Salman Rushdi, singer-songwriter Buffy Sainte Marie, President of Cornell University Martha E. Pollack, University of Michigan President Samuel L. Stanley, writer Sandra Cisneros, painter Sam Giliam, and retired four-star general of the United States Marine Corps and president of the Brookings Institution John R. Allen.
The Academy maintains – at its headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts – a gallery of letters written by individuals accepting their election as a member. Some are typed, others handwritten, at least one is entirely made up of emojis. Ranging from elaborate to straightforward, the letters provide insight into what election to the Academy has meant for the recipients and insight into the work that has shaped their lives and careers.